What to keep in mind when doing CPR for children

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Cardiopulmonary resuscitation, commonly known as CPR, is a lifesaving procedure. It is done once a child’s breathing or heartbeat has stopped. This may occur after drowning, suffocation, choking, or an injury. CPR includes:

• Rescue breathing helps provide oxygen to a child’s lungs.
• Chest compressions help keep the child’s blood circulating.

Permanent brain damage or death can happen within minutes if a child’s blood flow stops. Accordingly, you must go on CPR until the child’s heartbeat and breathing come back, or trained medical care arrives.

What are the causes and symptoms?

There are many things that can make a child’s heartbeat and breathing to stop. These include drowning, electrical shock, excessive bleeding, head trauma or a serious injury, lung disease, poisoning, and suffocation. CPR should be carried out if the child has any of the following symptoms: stop breathing, no pulse, unconsciousness.

Call emergency medical care

If you are alone with a child or baby who becomes unresponsive and is not breathing (or only gasping), call emergency medical care after you have done 2 minutes of CPR. If anyone else is present, shout for the person to call emergency medical care and then have him locating an AED (a defibrillator) right away while you start CPR.
If a child or baby become unconscious but you can still feel him breathing, call emergency medical care and wait for help. It is not necessary for breathing child or baby to have CPR, but one that is not breathing or gasping does.
It is essential to learn CPR to know how to do it correctly.


Most children need CPR due to unavoidable accident. The following tips may help you keep them stay away from accidents:

  • Teach your children the main principles of family safety.
  • Teach your children to swim.
  • Teach your children to be careful with cars and how to ride a bike safely.
  • Make sure you follow the instructions for using children’s car seats.
  • Let children know about firearm safety. If you own guns in your home, keep them locked in an isolated cabinet.
  • Make sure your children understand the meaning of “do not touch.”

Never underestimate what a kid can do. Children can move and grab things more than you think they can. Think about what your child may get into next and be ready. Children are likely to climb and squirm. Safety straps on high chairs and strollers should be used.

Pick up age-appropriate toys. Do not offer small children toys that are heavy or fragile. Keep an eye on their toys for small or loose parts, sharp edges, points, loose batteries, and other hazards. Keep toxic chemicals and cleaning solutions safely stored in childproof cabinets.

Establish a safe environment and monitor your children carefully, especially around water and near furniture. Electrical outlets, stove tops, and medicine cabinets can put small children in danger. – Hello Doktor